The private Kind of the fresh Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made by Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and you may was created to evaluate “the fresh selection of properties that every therapist is applicable in every psychotherapeutic condition, for this reason creating the main features of the new therapeutic act” (p. 117). The latest questionnaire analyzes four more proportions: flexibility-firmness (Instructional subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), lower involvement-greater wedding (Engagement subscale), large focused-narrow centered (Attentional subscale) and you can natural-structured (Surgical subscale). It is an excellent 36-items care about-statement level filled out by the therapists with solutions rated with the a beneficial size anywhere between 1 (overall dispute)to help you eight (complete arrangement). New size has revealed an examination-retest accuracy off .79, having Chronbach’s accuracy coefficients for every single subscale, the following; academic, .69; expressive, .75; engagement, .78; attentional, .80; surgical, .78. Factor Data revealed a good KMO = .756 (See Table 1 to possess alphas in the modern research).

Doing work Alliance List-Brief Mode (WAI-S)

The functional Alliance Inventory (WAI), developed by Horvath Greenberg (1986), are an effective thirty-six item questionnaire which can be given to both customers and you will practitioners that is ranked towards the a beneficial 7-area Likert sorts of level from1 (never)so you can eight (always). Tracey and you will Kokotovic (1989) proposed a consumer and counselor Operating Alliance Directory-Small Setting (WAI-S), that contains five points each subscale (Task, Goal, and Bond) and total WAI-S ratings, demonstrating highest precision having leader accounts like, as well as a lot better than new WAI on counselor subscales and you will full mediocre ratings (Activity, alpha = .83; Thread, leader = .91; Purpose, alpha = .88; and General Alliance, alpha = .95). Look for Dining table step 1 to possess alphas in the present analysis.

Processes Record (TL)

The techniques Listing size is actually adapted out of Hollis (1995), just who catalogued a thorough list of guidance and psychotherapy procedure symbolizing a general spectral range of philosophical basics. To help you hone which comprehensive checklist considering processes utilized particularly of the cognitive behavioral and constructivist treatment orientations, i recruited guidance psychology graduate people to see the full listing of 108 cures techniques and rate the brand new the total amount that each technique is utilized by for each and every healing approach (cognitive behavioural and you may constructivist), using an effective 5-point Likert types of measure from one (Never or Hardly ever) to help you 5 (Usually otherwise Typically).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

This type of forty facts was indexed alphabetically and you will users was requested so you’re able to price brand new the total amount that they normally use for each technique within habit of medication with each other an effective 5-area size from 1 (Never ever otherwise Rarely)to help you 5 (Usually or Always). Brand new product reviews of your own 20 rationalist products was basically summed and you may a suggest try calculated so you can reflect an average frequency of utilizing rationalist interventions (you’ll range = 1-5), plus the exact same procedure was utilized with regards to the brand new 20 constructivist interventions.

Brand new raw studies was applied to make a good confirmatory grounds study to the Processes List level. The modern study try looked at getting multiple-variate normalcy additionally the assumptions was basically came across. The kurtosis estimates to the details fell between 1 and you will –step one variables except constructivist affairs 12, thirteen, sixteen, and you will 20 and you will intellectual behavioral item step 3, which in fact had a great kurtosis philosophy between 2 and you can –2. Thus, such five things was taken out of the fresh measure before powering the confirmatory basis analysis.